Structures that support lifting equipment are covered by several laws. Under Québec’s Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety, and Canada’s Bill C-21, An Act to amend the Criminal Code, employers can be held criminally liable if the work environment and equipment are not safe for workers.
Lifting equipment and associated structures must be inspected annually. When a piece of equipment has not been used for more than one year, it must be inspected before use. The Canadian standard—CSA B167-16 – Overhead cranes, gantry cranes, monorails, hoists, and jib cranes—outlines the rules to follow for maintaining and inspecting this equipment. These rules cover hazards, inspections, maintenance, design requirements, operator training and testing, where applicable.
Older structures that have no documentation indicating their actual lifting capacity must be certified before use. The steel structure must also be inspected. Moreover, a structural verification must be carried out based on the equipment type, frequency of use and safety factors related to current design standards.
As a manager, you are responsible for ensuring the safety of your employees when lifting heavy loads.
You can count on BBA
Our team is up to date with the standards and laws that apply to lifting equipment and can provide you with the right advice. These standards and pieces of legislation are listed at the end of this article.
If your structures are old or damaged, or if there is any doubt about their safety, BBA can certify the structure and the runway track supporting the lifting device and, if necessary, guide you in choosing new equipment.
Contact us for more information.
Reference standards and laws
- Act Respecting Occupational Health and Safety
- Bill C-21: An Act to amend the Criminal Code (criminal liability of organizations, s. 217.1)
- Standard CSA B167-16: Overhead cranes, gantry cranes, monorails, hoists, and jib cranes
- Standard CSA S16: Design of steel structures
- CMAA 74: Specifications for Top Running & Under Running Single Girder Electric Traveling Cranes Utilizing Under Running Trolley Hoist (USA)